Monthly Archives: October 2020

Mughal Painting

Mughal Paintings in India are still very famous and they flourished during the Mughal Rule dating back to the period in between the sixteenth and the eighteenth century. The Mughal rulers played the patron role to bring the style of painting into the limelight. These painting are a particular style of South Asian paintings and are generally limited to miniatures

Some styles began in the 15th century, but it was not until the Mughal Empire was established in 1526 that miniature painting came into being. Mughal miniature painting is a mixture of bold and vivid colors, These paintings have  Persian and European influence.

These paintings were developed during the rule of various Mughal emperors in India. These paintings form a blend of the Indian and Persian style. The artists also adopted several themes from the lifestyles and activities of Mughal Emperors and hence got the name Mughal paintings. Generally, the paintings picturised on the events in the lives of Mughal emperors, portraits, scenes of the life of the courts, the emperors hunting scenes and instances of battles.

The art form became so popular that it eventually made its way to other Indian courts as well. The Victoria and Albert Museum in London has a large and impressive collection of Mughal painting

All the Mughal Emperors encouraged the artists for the development of the paintings. However, Aurangzeb was not interested in the development and growth of Mughal paintings. From then the decline of the Mughal paintings started slowly in the next generations of Mughal Empire. During the rule of Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, the Mughal paintings became completely unpopular. The patrons of the art started disappearing During the eighteenth century, the Mughal Painting styles saw a decline and a new painting style the Rajput started to evolve

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Key Features of Mughal Paintings:

The Mughal paintings are small in size, and hence are known as ‘miniature paintings’.

Mughal painting remained confined to the Mughal court and did not reach the people.

The Mughal rulers brought Persian painters with them. At the same time they patronized Indian painters and the collaboration between these two schools of painters resulted in the synthesis.

Apart from Persian books of fables, themes from Mahabharata, Ramayana were also selected.

Indian scenes and landscapes came into vogue.

Paintings were based upon close observation of nature

Under Jahangir, the Mughal school of paintings acquired greater charm, refinement and dignity.

Miniature Wunderland – Hamburg

The Miniature Wunderland is a model railway and miniature airport attraction in Hamburg. Germany. The place looks magical with impressive details . The Model is breathtakingly designed.

It is an amazing place to spend the day. The Museum starts with the brief history , They also provide headsets which are also available in English and helps in explaining everything.

The main minature museum includes replicas of the entire cities including replicas of countries Sweden,U.S.A,Germany,Switzerland and Austria . The exhibits are absolutely mind blowing and a lot of attention is taken to detail. In many places there are button that can be pressed to see some action by the exhibits. These include work by construction workers with movement of crane, movement of ship and boat and many other activities

Some Highlights of the place include

  • The displays include working trains lights change from  day to night after every 15 minutes
  • There is a river that has a remote controlled boat . Also the tides can be achieved by pressing the button
  • The Airport is made on a perfect replica with complete takeoffs and landings
  • The roads are full of cars that auto matically move and also follow the traffic lights.
  • The train from Italy to Switzerland looks very impressive

The Museum is worth a visit and anyone visiting Hamburg must also plan and see this amazing wonderland.

Dussehra

Dussehra or Vijayadashami is one of the most popular indian festival. Dussehra signifies the victory of good over evil, truth over false and dharma over adharma. the festival inspire us to follow the path of dharma (righteousness) and truth. it reminds us that in the end truth always wins. 

Dussehra is considered as an auspicious day. The burning of the effigy of Ravana along with Meghanad and Kumbhkarana symbolize the power of goodness and humanity is above all kind of powers. Lord Rama had fought a battle of ten days with Ravana, who had abducted his wife Sita, the day of his victory is called ‘Vijaya Dashmi’.

Ravana was a great devotee of lord Shiva and was highly learned. He was a scholar and intellectual  He had mastered the four Vedas and six Shastras. It is said that his ten heads symbolically represented the mastery over these ten scriptures in total.Also, it is believed that the ten heads symbolized the ten qualities namely Kama (lust), Krodha (anger), Lobha (greed), Moha (attachment), Madha (arrogance), Matsarya (hatred and jealousy), Manas (mind), Buddhi (intellect), chitta (consciousness) and ahamkara (ego).

It is believed that every human being has both Ram as well as Ravan inside their heads. It depends on the person solely that which character they want themselves to be represented as.

Some Indian States also celebrate the festival as the destruction of demon named Mahisasur by Goddess Durga. The Grand festival of Durga Puja is celebrated in a beautiful way in West Bengal .Each Indian state celebrates the festival in its own way but the grace and ethnicity play an important part in the festival no matter where it is being celebrated. 

Warli Painting

Warli paintings are believed to be one of the oldest form of art in history.It is a form of tribal art mostly created by the tribal people from the North Sahyadri Range in India. 

Maharashtra is known for its Warli folk paintings. Despite being in such close proximity of the largest metropolis in India, these tribesmen are not influenced by the modern urbanization.

There are no proper records of the exact origins of this art, but its roots are believed to be traced to as early as the 10th century A.D. The warli art is the clear picture and expression of the daily and social events of the warli tribe. 

 These paintings do not depict any mythological characters or images of deities but are made on events of social and cultural importance such as marriage, harvesting session, sowing session, and other social gatherings and also show animals along with daily life in a rhythmic pattern.

 Paintings were done with the help of bamboo sticks used as brush with rice mixed with natural gum as color. First a canvas was prepared by applying a layer of mud or cow dung, once it was dried it was ready to be painted with the bamboo brush.Traditionally only two colors were used in this process, white was made up of rice flour and reddish brown from red soil called Geru. but today, a variety of colou are being used to replicate these artistic motifs on fabrics, home décor or other artistic forms.

It won’t be wrong to say that everyone is fascinated by this art .Its presence can be seen and felt everywhere from tea cups, to coffee mugs clocks and stationary , to beautiful greeting cards to the fashion market from Kurtis to Sarees , warli has taken over the whole market.

The Coco cola diwali 2010 Ad compain come back home also featured worli art.The advertisement was quite popular.

In February 2016, a group of Japanese artists adopted the Ganjad village in Palghar district in an effort to keep the art form alive. This group of social artists from Japan have also been constructing huts from cow dung, mud and bamboo sticks to promote painting on the walls.

Navratri

‘Navratri’ means ‘nine nights.’ ‘Nava’ means ‘nine,’ and ‘Ratri’ means ‘night.’It is a nine day festival which is celebrated across India and in the East it is also known as Durga Puja, and is celebrated with full fervour.During Navratri we worship the Shakti referred as Goddess Durga

 The Festival signifies the victory of Goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasura.. The puja that we perform during the 9 days of Navratri is a way of honouring the Devi and the feminine nature of the divine devi and also showing our gratitude to the Mother Divine. During these nine days Goddess Shakti is worshiped in her various forms as Maa Durga ,Maa Lakshmi and Maa Saraswati Each of the three deities give rise to three more forms representing the finer meaning of each form. Hence in all, these nine forms are known as Navdurga.

On the first three days of the Navratri Goddess Durga is worshiped in the three forms Devi Shailputri,Devi Brahmacharini and Devi Chandraghanta Goddess Durga represents the power of good over evil, She also combats evils and demonic forces that can threaten peace and prosperity. It further means a person with evil tendencies like laziness,ignorance,ego,jealousy,anger,greed will not let the person rise and achieve true peace and happiness. So we must get rid of these evil qualities with determination and fearlessness.

From the fourth to the sixth day Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped in three forms Devi Kushmanda, Devi Skandamata and Devi Katyayani. Goddess Lakshmi is always associated with wealth and prosperity. She is believed to improve health and also bestow wealth and strength. It is also believed that all the power to bestow Siddhis and Niddhis are located in her Jap Mala.Now to understand this further it means that we humans need to inculcate the ideas and qualities of self discipline, kindness love and respect towards one another and these qualities are more important than material wealth

The last three days Goddess Saraswati is worshiped in three forms Devi Kaaliratri Maha Gauri and Devi Siddhiratri . Goddess Saraswati is associated with learning and knowledge It is only with knowledge that we can get rid of negative energies within us and create a perfect harmony in our life and also achieve something that looks impossible but we can make it possible and become fearless

The garba dance is an essential part of navratris. Traditionally it is performed during the nine days.

Solo Painting Exhibition at the Cholamandal Artist Gallery

I was delighted to have my first solo painting exhibition Divine Intervention at the Labernum and Indigo art galleries Cholamandal Artist Village, Injambakkam,Chennai – 41 . The Show was dedicated to Lord Ganesha and his Omnipresence.

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The exhibition was held from 15th November – 19th November 2012.The inauguration was done by eminent senior artist Shri M.Senathipathi.

The experience was wonderful and it was well received and appreciated by everyone. It was great and effective meeting and Interacting with so many senior artists and art lovers.

It was a very big moment for me and I hope I have many such moments to look forward to.

100 Posts

I am really excited I have reached 100 posts, honestly I don’t keep a count of the number of posts I have written, it was only when I received the notification that I realized that I have actually reached the 100th Post.

This is my 100th Post on my blog, and I would really want to thank everyone who has read,liked,commented on my blog bhavkriti – Bhavna Yadav . This blog has helped me to find tons of friends, who have encouraged and supported me

To celebrate the milestone I want to share with you some of the images of my artwork and travel diaries

I hope you all continue reading and will keep coming back to see the updates

Dry Brush Technique

This is a technique where in a mostly dry brush is used with a minimal of paint.The technique creates a unique look

Materials Required

  • Sketch Canvas sheet pad or Canvas
  • Brushes
  • Acrylic Colors

Technique

Dip your brush into the color and then rub it on an old cloth.Begin by applying the color on the canvas with some simpler light strokes and the strokes have a translucent quality. Continue adding different colors.Further you can add more depth and contrast to the painting with more colors

Always remember to use a clean and dry brush whenever you apply or change color.And later dry the brush with a paper tower or old rug

Hope you have fun and Happy Painting

Zaanse Schans – Dutch Windmill Village

Zaanse schans village is very beautiful.It is a very special and unique village on the banks of the river Zaanse. The village is famous for wooden houses windmills . These are traditional dutch houses .

Windmills are an important part of the dutch culture . Further some of the windmills are still in operation. The tourists can understand the importance of these windmills and how they function.

Besides these windmills there are also some museums here like the bakery museum, here you can taste freshly baked cookies. Around the village there are some small farms . Here farm animals like sheep , goats can be seen.

It is a truly wonderful place and we had a great time and also we learnt a lot about the windmills

Gandhi Jayanti

2nd October, the birth of Gandhiji – The father of the Nation is celebrated by remembering his teaching and ideas. The ideas of Non Violence, Swaraj and Honesty has won us our Independence. But how much is it relevant in today’s age ?

Non Violence

Gandhiji’s principle of Non Violence was based on compassion . In today’s time there is a great rise in anger and frustration. Many times this anger also results in physical violence .  

When we hear the word Non Violence, many of us firmly believe that we practise Non Violence, but we need to check violence can be in the physical form to hit someone, to exploit someone and lastly to hurt someone by the use of harsh words.Today we need to see that the words we speak are clean, and there is no thought of anger or aggression in them. We must try and avoid any thought or word that can cause pain or hurt to someone. Many times we have noticed that these pain continue for years and it only causes discomfort and pain.

Today let us try and be non violent not only in the physical form but also in our words and thoughts by doing this our mind will become clean . Clean from every aspect of negativity.

Swaraj – Self Rule 

Swaraj or self rule is to be free from any kind of influences and control .  In order to achieve the best in ourselves we require self control and self discipline . Also discipline increases will power and we are able to accomplish many impossible tasks

Honesty

Gandhiji always believed in honesty and condemned the act of lying .

We all desire honesty and authenticity in people. Authenticity means to be the same inside and outside It happens so many times when we say something else and we mean something else. This is not harmony  However it’s not always black and white.